The Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) is the Indonesian Corruption Eradication Commission, which was formed after special consideration on the extraordinary nature of corruption in Indonesia, which has become systemic and widespread, and has violated the human rights of the Indonesian people. The KPK was formed under Law No. 30 of 2002 on the Corruption Eradication Commission. Before the KPK was formed, only Police and Prosecutors had the authority to conduct anti-corruption activities under Law No. 31 of 1999 on Eradicating Criminal Acts of Corruption as amended by Law No. 20 of 2001, and under Law No. 28 of 1999 on State Officials who are Clean and Free of Corruption, Collusion, and Nepotism.
The KPK was formed with the express intent of bringing about positive change in a stagnant national anti-corruption effort; corruption eradication is by no means a new concept in Indonesia, as anti-corruption activities have actually existed since the 1950s. One of the main reasons why these previous efforts have not been successful is that they only focused on repressive actions : pre-investigating, investigating, and prosecuting corrupt acts. Although repressive operations are vital for the success of corruption eradication, these past efforts failed in the medium to long term due to the lack of significant preventive actions. The KPK is therefore a fresh start, a new way of looking at the corruption epidemic: the agency shall not monopolize the anti-corruption effort, but merely act as a trigger mechanism to empower authorized institutions to become more effective. Selected cases are handled by the KPK, in order to show the public that it is serious; prevention activities such as socialization, education, research into the potentials for corruption of each government institution, and so on, provide the basis for a long-term anti-corruption strategy. Of course, prevention activities will likewise fail if the KPK is unable to show corruptors and the public that it means business by actively bringing down corruptors.
Duties and Authority of the KPK:
The KPK coordinates its activities through the Prosecutor's Office, the Police, and various financial supervisory and regulatory bodies and also :-
The KPK's supervisory role includes surveillance, research, or studies on authorized corruption eradication institutions and those that perform public services.
The KPK may also take over the investigations or prosecutions conducted by the Police or the Prosecutor's Office in the following circumstances :-
The KPK's purview in corruption investigation includes these circumstances:-
The KPK's purview in preventive measures includes :-
Deputy of Prevention
Research & Development Team